Below are a list of cannabis derived cannabinoids and their effects on the body:
Cannabidiol (CBD) is an active cannabinoid identified in hemp and cannabis plants. CBD doesn’t have any psychoactive effects such as those caused by tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Studies have suggested that CBD may have significant benefits when treating a range of common conditions such as anxiety, inflammation, insomnia, nausea, depression and pain. It has also been reported to act as an anti-convulsant and anti-psychotic.
Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDa) is a raw cannabinoid that is found in fresh cannabis plants. CBDa when heated breaks down from its acid form and turns into CBD, this process is called decarboxylation. CBDa is thought to reduce inflammation, reduce nausea, act as an antioxidant, relieve pain and is anti-bacterial.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is the non-acidic form of cannabigerolic acid (CBGa), by the time most strains of cannabis reach maturity, most of the CBG has been converted into other cannabinoids, primarily tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) or cannabidiol (CBD). It is thought to be an anti-inflammatory, have neuroprotective properties, anti septic properties and has potential for alleviating pain.
Cannabigerolic Acid (CBGa) is formed when geranyl pyrophosphate combines with olivetolic acid in the cannabis plant before it is decarboxylated. It is thought to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, slow bacterial growth and inhibit cancer cell growth causing death of cells.
Cannabichromene (CBC) occurs in the cannabis plant mainly as cannabichromenic acid (CBCa). When CBCa is decarboxylated it produces CBC which is thought to play a role in the anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects of cannabis and has anti-fungal properties. Studies have shown CBC to have anti-tumour effects and is also thought to relieve pain and have antidepressant effects.
CBCa is the non-decarboxylated acid form of CBC which is independently converted to either CBG, THCA, CBDA or CBCA by four separate synthase. CBCa is thought to be anti-fungal, and anti inflammatory.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC) is one of the primary cannabinoids found in cannabis. Other than it’s psychoactive effects, studies have shown that it may reduce pain and inflammation, reduce vomiting and nausea, stimulate appetite and suppress muscle spasms.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (9-THCa) is found in cannabis in its raw form before it becomes decarboxylated to THC. It is thought to exert immuno-modulating effect which stimulates or suppresses the immune system and may help the body fight cancer, infection or other diseases.
Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol (8-THC) just like 9-THC, 8-THC binds to the CB1 cannabinoid receptor, their only differences are their bonding electrons and psycho-activity. It it is thought to have anti-nausea, anti-anxiety, appetite-stimulating, and neuroprotective properties.
Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCv) similar to THC, THCv is a receptor type 1 antagonist but unlike THC it does not get you “high”, at higher does it can switch and become an agonist which will cause a “high” effect. It is thought to be act as an appetite depressant as well as helping with anxiety, promoting the growth of new bone cells and regulating blood sugar levels.